1. Identify a molecule's functional group, including those for alcohols, carboxylic acids, ethers, esters, aldehydes, and ketones.
2. Explain physical property differences in a class of organic compounds based on their molecular structure.
Table R (page 8) in the NYS Regents Chemistry Reference table has a chart of structures that's a very handy reference:
This is a very brief video, but a useful overview of organic compounds other than straight-chain carbon compounds:
Finally, here is a full lecture (30 minutes), at a college-level, talking about organic compounds -- it's helpful because it talks about these functional groups and the properties of the various compounds more in-depth:
This worksheet contains practice identifying organic compounds with functional groups, and provides more practice drawing stuctures from the names. It's the sixth item down on the list titled "Functional Groups" :
Here's a worksheet focusing on Organic Compounds that are more complex than the straight-chain hydrocarbons -- the 2nd of the two pages would be good for the introductory chemistry student:
There aren't too many labs for these compounds with functional groups b/c exposure to organic compounds is not really good for you in the long run -- your body absorbs these compounds (think fat soluble) instead of flushing them out of your system (water soluble), and there are some potential carcinogens out there.
Here are several ways to approach a demonstration you may know as the "Whoosh bottle" -- where the combustion of isopropyl alcohol in a large water bottle makes a "whoosh" sound. Notice that they all have their goggles on!
If you choose to perform this, be careful. WEAR GOGGLES!!! I don't like that they're not wearing goggles in this experiment, but here's an example of this demo going awry:
My next post will contain information about Organic Reactions, as well as lab possibilities, including tie dyed t-shirts!
Check out my lab book "Chemistry on a Budget" at amazon.com -- it's only $20!
Each lab is presented with two possible report formats -- both labs use the same procedure but each has a different conclusion -- one with 10 questions to be answered as a conclusion, the other with a full laboratory report required. This gives the teacher the option of what type of report is desired, and each version is designed to be just two pages. This way the teacher can photocopy just one 2-sided page per student (saves paper).
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Have a good week!