Some of the early labs include Significant Figures, Density (3 labs), the Separation of a Mixture (including Percent Composition), and Liquid Chromatography. This way you have pretty safe labs that cover essential information, giving you time to emphasize Lab Safety and get Lab Safety Contracts signed.
You can buy this lab book for $23 at amazon.com or lulu.com. It will take 1-2 weeks to get to you, so Order Now and you’ll have time with it and decide how to incorporate the labs into your class activities.
There are two versions of each lab, one with a ten-question conclusion and one with directions for a full lab report. This way the teacher has the option! Each lab is two pages to allow for one two-sided handout.
*Some of you have already purchased my lab book – be sure to check out Page 141 !
As stated last week, nuclear energy and concerns about nuclear waste have been the subject of several posts of this blog, including:
02/11/2015 Introduction to Nuclear Chemistry
02/18/2015 Nuclear Chemistry – Part II (Fission, Fusion & Half-Life)
08/06/2015 Post-Fukushima Restarts
10/30/2015 Current Event -- Radioactive Waste from WWII
10/22/2015 The Future of Nuclear Fusion
02/20/2016 Nuclear Waste and Lake Huron
03/26/2016 Nuclear Waste Storage
05/01/2016 30th Anniversary of Chernobyl
07/31/2016 Cost of Nuclear Shutdown in Germany
In last week’s blog post, I discussed the timeline and cost of shutdown of Nuclear Power Plants in Germany. This decision was made due to the accident at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, Japan on March 11, 2011.
New York State is currently attempting to reduce the use of fossil fuels that emit carbon dioxide (CO2) to reduce its contribution to Global Climate Change.
Past blog posts related to Global Climate Change include:
11/06/2015 Inventions to Recycle Carbon Dioxide
02/06/2016 Carbon Dioxide Conversion to Methanol
04/03/2016 Permafrost Melting
According to one October 8, 2015 article, “Gov. Andrew Cuomo and former Vice President Al Gore met at Columbia University… to announce a handful of New York State actions on climate change…[including] a commitment to help keep the earth’s average temperature from increasing more than 2 degrees Celsius (or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) by 2100, as measured against pre-industrial levels.
‘In the case of climate change, denial is not a survival strategy,’ Cuomo said, pointing to predictions that suggest Manhattan and much of the East Coast could be swamped or otherwise reshaped by rising sea levels.
As is his wont, the governor pointed to the nine severe weather incidents that had occurred on his watch, from tropical storms Irene and Lee in 2011 to last year’s epic snowfall in Buffalo.”
“More and more, nuclear energy is recognized as part of a clean power portfolio. Surprisingly, the country’s third most populous state, New York, is diminishing its options in this regard.
Despite attempts by Gov. Andrew Cuomo to keep it open, energy company Entergy announced plans last November [of 2015] to close the James A. FitzPatrick nuclear power plant, near Syracuse. The facility employs more than 600 people, about 300 of whom are Syracuse, N.Y., Local 97 members, said Business Manager Ted Skerpon.
‘They want to go carbon-free but they are taking out the plants that help the state do just that,’ said Skerpon, who also chairs the IBEW Utility Labor Council of New York.”
“Nuclear power provides nearly 20 percent of U.S. electricity and 63 percent of its zero-carbon power. Opponents of nuclear power, including the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Sierra Club, maintain that both fossil fuel and nuclear energy sources can be fully replaced by renewables, primarily wind and solar.”
New York State has the benefit of Niagara Falls – a hydropower plant generating electricity completed construction in 1961.
Not all areas currently have the advantage of the access or infrastructure to generate of clean energy (via water, wind or solar).
Several New York communities are concerned about the economic impact of closing nuclear power plants.
“… the [Fitzpatrick] nuclear plant [in Scriba, New York] drives economic activity of perhaps $500 million a year or more…”
Other nuclear power plants have closed and the economic impact spreads through the entire community. For example, “[i]n the 17 years since Maine Yankee began dismantling its reactors and shedding its 600 workers, this small, coastal town north of Portland[, Maine] has experienced drastic changes: property taxes have spiked by more than 10 times for the town’s 3,700 residents, the number living in poverty has more than doubled as many professionals left, and town services and jobs have been cut.
‘I have yet to meet anyone happy that Maine Yankee is gone,’ said Laurie Smith, the town manager. “All these years later, we’re still feeling the loss of jobs, the economic downturn, and the huge tax increases.”
Nuclear power does have safety issues. For example, “[o]ne of [New York’s nuclear power plants,”Indian Point, … [had a reactor]…shut down…[on December, 11, 2015] after several control rods lost power, the plant owner said, marking the latest in a series of mishaps at the suburban New York plant this year. …
The plant’s other reactor, Indian Point 3, remained running. Together, the two reactors supply about one-fourth of the power used in New York City and Westchester County.
The plant has experienced a number of unplanned shutdowns this year. Indian Point 3 was shut down for a time in July after a water pump problem, and in June because of an electrical disturbance at a switch yard outside the plant. A water-system alarm failure in January led workers to start shutting down one of the reactors, although repairs were made and the shutdown reversed.”
There are many pros and cons of keeping Nuclear Power Plants open and of closing them. All could be researched and/or debated by your students. Here is another “real world issue” that your students will have to be dealing with in their lifetimes.
Please let me know how you have incorporated this topic in your classroom.
*This Blog contains several entries that would be helpful to your chemistry classroom. Check out the Topic List to help you to find past Blog entries.
Also, Write To Me about your successes, challenges, or questions in the Chemistry Classroom.
Remember, buying a copy of the lab book Chemistry on a Budget can be very useful to your Chemistry classroom with labs and class article ideas.
Enjoy the rest of August!