Some of the early labs include Significant Figures, Density (3 labs), the Separation of a Mixture (including Percent Composition), and Liquid Chromatography. This way you have pretty safe labs that cover essential information, giving you time to emphasize Lab Safety and get Lab Safety Contracts signed.
You can buy this lab book for $23 at amazon.com or lulu.com. It will take 1-2 weeks to get to you, so Order Now and you’ll have time with it and decide how to incorporate the labs into your class activities.
There are two versions of each lab, one with a ten-question conclusion and one with directions for a full lab report. This way the teacher has the option! Each lab is two pages to allow for one two-sided handout.
*Some of you have already purchased my lab book – be sure to check out Page 141 !
Nuclear energy and concerns about nuclear waste have been the subject of several posts of this blog, including:
02/11/2015 Introduction to Nuclear Chemistry
02/18/2015 Nuclear Chemistry – Part II (Fission, Fusion & Half-Life)
08/06/2015 Post-Fukushima Restarts
10/30/2015 Current Event -- Radioactive Waste from WWII
10/22/2015 The Future of Nuclear Fusion
02/20/2016 Nuclear Waste and Lake Huron
03/26/2016 Nuclear Waste Storage
05/01/2016 30th Anniversary of Chernobyl
According to an article dated 6/29/2015, “…after Germany's decision to phase out nuclear power completely [on June 30, 2011], the country's oldest remaining reactor has been shut down. But is Germany's nuclear phase-out on track - and what obstacles does it face?”
“Immediately after [the nuclear accident in] Fukushima [Japan], eight of 17 functioning nuclear plants were shut down [in Germany], and the June decision established a timeline of taking the remaining plants offline by 2022.”
The following article provides a useful timeline regarding the events (and nuclear accidents) that preceded the decision to close Germany’s nuclear power plants.”
According to an article published July 25, 2016, Germany is discovering another challenge due to closing 17 nuclear power reactors, “[h]ow to clean up and store large amounts of nuclear waste and other radioactive material.”http://e360.yale.edu/feature/soaring_cost_german_nuclear_shutdown/3019/
“Nobody can say how much it will cost to store high-level waste. What we know is that it will be very costly – much higher costs can be expected than [what] the German ministry calculates...”
“NUKEM is a member of a consortium led by Westinghouse Electric Company and includes Gesellschaft für Nuklear Service (GNS). In September 2015, the group was awarded the contract to dismantle the Reactor Pressure Vessels and internals (RPV-I) of the 890 MW unit 1 at the Philippsburg BWR plant operated by EnBW Kernkraft.
The industry is focusing on minimizing the transportation of plant material across the country... The vast volume of waste which accumulates at a site currently requires a fleet of trucks making multiple journeys while carrying several tonnes of potentially hazardous material.
NUKEM is developing a mobile melter that would reduce the amount of waste taken from the plant to treatment and disposal centres and subsequently minimize the risk of a traffic accident that could expose the public to radioactive substances.”
It is interesting to observe what occurs with Germany’s nuclear shutdown as the United States, a much larger country, will have to deal to shutdown of nuclear power plants and nuclear storage during the 21st century.
*This Blog contains several entries that would be helpful to your chemistry classroom. Check out the Topic List to help you to find past Blog entries.
Also, Write To Me about your successes, challenges, or questions in the Chemistry Classroom.
Remember, buying a copy of the lab book Chemistry on a Budget can be very useful to your Chemistry classroom with labs and class article ideas.
Keep having a Great Summer!